Locomotor Requirements for Bipedal Locomotion: A Delphi Survey

Lois Deming Hedman, David M. Morris, Cecilia L. Graham, Cynthia J. Brown, Matthew P. Ford, Debbie A. Ingram, Marjorie J. Hilliard, Alice J. Salzman

Discussion Podcast: Locomotor Requirements for Bipedal Locomotion: A Delphi Study

Participants: Lois Hedman, PT, DScPT, Associate Professor, Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, and Sara Mulroy, PT, PhD, Director, Pathokinesiology Laboratory, Rancho Los Amigos National Research Center, Downey, California. Moderator: Janice Eng, PT/OT, PhD, Professor, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, and Editorial Board member, PTJ.

This podcast is sponsored by

Files in this Data Supplement:

  • Discussion Podcast - In a paper published in PTJ earlier this year, Lois Hedman and colleagues conducted a Delphi survey of 58 expert panelists to obtain consensus on the requirements for bipedal locomotion. Five requirements—initiation, termination, anticipatory dynamic balance, multitask capacity, and walking confidence—reached consensus; 7 other requirements reached partial consensus. In this PTJ podcast, Hedman is joined by Sara Mulroy and moderator Janice Eng to discuss these findings and their possible applications in the management of patients with motor dysfunction. The group also discusses other factors that inhibit mobility in the home and community, future directions for research in motor dysfunction, and the Delphi method.

    Running time: 23:46 (33.3 MB).

    Discussion Podcast: Locomotor Requirements for Bipedal Locomotion: A Delphi Study

    Download the mp3 | Length: 23:46

    Quick Grabs

    Mulroy: "There is somewhat of a disconnect between what some of our patients are able to do and what they actually do on a day-to-day basis."

    Hedman: "I found that using observational gait analysis has helped me to identify and describe gait deviations, but it didn?t always help me understand what was underlying those issues."


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    Horak FB, Wrisley DM, Frank J. The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) to differentiate balance deficits. Phys Ther. 2009;89:484–498.

    Patla A. A framework for understanding mobility problems in the elderly. In: Craik RL, Oatis CA, eds. Gait Analysis: Theory and Application. St Louis, MO: Mosby; 1995:436–449.

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