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Manipulation of the Cervical Spine: Risks and Benefits

Richard P Di Fabio

Figure 1.

Figure 1.

Injuries attributed to manipulation of the cervical spine. The category “Arterial Dissection”included pseudoaneurysm, arterial spasm, and rupture. The “Brain-Stem Injury”and “Cerebral/Cerebellar Injury”categories indicate cases of infarct in these areas of the brain. The “Other”category included visual deficits, hearing loss, balance deficits, and phrenic nerve injury.